neem1Neem is one of the most famous Indian plants used for its healing purposes for more than 5000 years. Due to its miraculous properties Neem is known all over the world, and in India it`s considered as a sacred tree. Neem is administered topically and orally in the treatment of many diseases. Because of its medicinal properties it is an indispensable part of every Indian`s household. Neem tree reach 40-50 m height. It is an evergreen tree with a straight trunk, large crown and a thick bark from which juice leaks called Neera. In the spring the tree has small white flowers. Its oval fruits are green, and when the fruit is ripe they have a pale yellowish color. Each fruit has a single seed that contains precious oil.


The properties and composition of Neem

According to Ayurveda, Neem is also cold “sheet virya” and light “laghu gunna”. It is believed that this combination gives Neem its unique healing properties. The chemical composition of Neem is very complex and includes triterpenes, limonoids, nonterpenoide, hexanortriterpenoide and pentattriterpenoide. The most important active ingredient of Neem is azadirachitin, thanks to which Neem has insecticide and anti parasitic properties.

Neem has antibacterial, antiviral, anti parasitic, antifungal and insecticidal properties, due to which it prevents and cures many serious diseases caused by microorganisms. Neem is non-toxic and harmless to human and animal health.


Uses of Neem

Neem is a versatile plant that is used in the treatment of many diseases. For its healing purposes you can use all the parts of the tree: its leaves, flowers, bark, seed, oil, branches and juice neera.


Topical administration of Neem

Local application of the powder or Neem oil has a miraculous effect. This plant is a blessing for people suffering from skin diseases.

  • prevents skin infections
  • accelerates wound healing
  • relieves the symptoms of acne, psoriasis and eczema (many people claim to have completely cure psoriasis thanks to Neem)
  • relieves all types of skin irritation, including itching, rash, allergic reactions and skin infections
  • Neem spray is used to treat burns
  • Neem oil is widely used against hair loss and graying hair
  • used in the treatment of dandruff and lice
  • Neem oil has been successfully applied in the local treatment of rheumatic diseases, e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, gout, osteoarthritis, back pain.


Oral administration of Neem

For oral administration you can only use Neem leaves. Neem is used to treat many diseases, so we are going to name just a few possible applications of Neem:

  • aids indigestion and constipation
  • cleans parasites in the gut
  • helps with gastric disease
  • is as a blood cleanser, detoxification
  • Diabetes
  • cures urinary tract infections
  • stimulates the liver
  • Ophthalmology
  • cough
  • strengthening the immune system
  • Hepatitis
  • Stress
  • Heart Disease
  • Herpes
  • Arthritis
  • cures viral diseases


Neem has anti-pyretic (reduces fever), analgesic (reduces pain) and anti-inflammatory properties. For oral use only Neem leaves which can be in different forms, for example:

  • Neem capsules – containing Neem leaves powder
  • extract of Neem leaves – usually alcohol-based
  • Neem leaves tea – a traditional tonic drink in India



Neem as a natural pesticide

For hundreds of years Neem is used as a natural pesticide that effectively protects plants from microorganisms and parasites.

Neem oil is different from the other pesticides. It is not an instant poison that kills all pests in no time. How Neem exactly works it is still not known. By entering the body of insects, Neem blocks the proper functioning of hormones of insects. The results is in fact that insects do not want to eat, fly, mate or lay eggs. Population parasites, which can no longer eat or reproduce, slowly disappear. Their life cycle is interrupted.


Does Neem kill beneficial insects?

Neem does not kill beneficial insects such as bees, because they don`t eat plants. However, try spraying the plants early in the morning, so that the insecticide dries before these beneficial insects appear. If spraying pesticides directly on insects, they may suffocate.


How to make an eco-pesticide from Neem

It is better not to use purchased Neem pesticides but to make them at home from Neem oil. There are no strict rules on how to make this pesticide. The concentration of Neem adapts to the given situation and purpose. For example, some insects may be more resilient and you will want to increase the concentration of Neem oil. Insecticide for prevention may contain less Neem than the insecticide that is used to combat pests with the existing ones. The spray typically contains from 0.5 to 1% Neem oil. If necessary, you can increase the concentration to 2%. While applying Neem insecticide you should use your common sense. Do not forget, that Neem doesn`t kill parasites directly. Wait at least a week, and judge the result of the action of Neem.


For 1 liter of insecticide with concentration 0.5% you will need:

  • 5 ml Neem oil
  • 1-2 ml soap or detergent
  • 1 liter of hot water


For 20 liters of the insecticide at a concentration of 1%:

  • 200 ml of Neem oil
  • 20 ml soap or detergent
  • 20 liters of water



  1. Mix water with soap / detergent (preferably using hot water)
  2. Slowly add Neem oil while mixing continuously
  3. While spraying plants, periodically shake the liquid
  4. Use the prepared insecticide within 8 hours
  5. Spray plants only early in the morning


Spray the leaves, especially on the inside – because there are pests that like to hide there. If you have enough insecticide, spray the ground around the plant.


How often should you spray plants?


For prevention: Spray plants twice a month with a solution containing 0.5% Neem oil. This should prevent any problems.


To combat the pests: For the first time, spray the plants and the ground around them. Then spray the plants once a week, until the problem is resolved. If it rains, spray them again. If parasites show resistance to Neem, increase the concentration of Neem in insecticide.

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Neem, The miraculous tree from India by NAUM is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at Recipies
Neem is one of the most famous Indian plants used for its healing purposes for more than 5000 years. Due to its miraculous properties Neem is known all over the world, and in India it`s considered as a sacred tree. Neem is administered topically and orally in the treatment...